To Single Portage or To Double Portage . . .

Quetico Provincial Park Kevlar Canoe Portage

For many canoe trip enthusiasts in the Boundary Waters and Quetico, portages are a necessary evil. Nothing slows down your paddling momentum faster than pulling into a canoe trip landing and having to completely unload your canoe. Even the shortest BWCA portage can be challenging and I fear for many campers, portages are something to be endured rather than enjoyed.

There’s really no “wrong” way to portage, although Andy and I would both encourage you to limit the amount of loose items in the bottom of the canoe to expedite the unloading process and lessen the risk of losing something. And obviously, you should practice canoe country courtesy at portages: keep your gear to the side of the portage landing, never completely block the portage path, and quickly vacate the portage landing so that other camping parties can land and start portaging themselves.

What Andy and I don’t agree on is how many times you should go over a portage. Andy and his buddy Andrew are firmly in the single portage camp. When we did the Granite River canoe route last spring, my friend Kati and I discovered that we greatly prefer to double portage.


The driving factor for Andy and Andrew to single portage is that it allows them to cover a great distance quite quickly and gets them deeper into the wilderness faster. It allows them to cover as more miles in one day than many people cover over their entire canoe trip and it gets them into remote areas of the Quetico that many people never see.

If you have the luxury of owning the lightweight gear needed to make single portaging possible, you can be over and out of portages in 1/3 of the time that it will take those who double portage. When you can clear a portage in 20 minutes as opposed to 1 hour, you suddenly have a lot more time to play with on any given day. Andy and Andrew like to use that extra time to fish. Single portaging can also get you into camp quicker, which gives you more time to get the campsite set up just the way you want and can also mean you have more time to make more complex (aka more tasty) camp meals such as calzones, shore lunch, or camp baking experiments.

Until our trip last spring, I always thought single portaging was the ultimate goal of canoe tripping – something to be striven for at any cost. But the truth is, I feel rushed and uncomfortable when I single portage and that in turn makes me feel like I’m missing out.

Portaging the Granite River Boundary Waters Canoe Area

I don’t want to turn this into a gender divide, but physicality definitely plays into my preference to double portage. I’ve never been very successful at carrying a pack and a canoe simultaneously – it just doesn’t seem like my shoulder have enough real estate for both portage pads and Duluth pack straps. While Kati and I are both perfectly capable of carrying a 60 lb pack filled with all our camping gear, a heavy pack causes us to walk much slower and is more time consuming for us to load and unload at the portage landings. For us, carrying two 30 lb packs provides us with surer footing on the portage paths and eliminates that straining at the portage landings. While it might not actually be faster for us to double portage, we feel speedier because of the ease at which we can navigate each trip across the portage when we have a more comfortable amount of weight on our shoulders.

I like to think my preference for double portaging isn’t just a physical reaction, but reflective of my canoe trip philosophy. When you single portage, the goal is to get over the portage as quickly as possible so you can get on the water to get to the next portage to get over the portage as quickly as possible and so on, until it starts to feel like you’re wishing your canoe trip away. When you only see the portage path from beneath a burden, the things you notice are hazardous rocks, tree roots to avoid tripping over, and puddles of unknown depths.

But when you double portage, you get one lovely walk in the woods completely hands-free. This affords you time to notice tadpoles in those puddles, the wildflowers growing along the cedar tree roots, and dragonflies sunning themselves on the granite boulders. It’s a chance to simply be in the wilderness, to literally stop and smell the wild roses. For me, it’s one of the most enjoyable parts of a Boundary Waters trip.

What your preference? Are you team single portage or team double portage?

9 Responses

  1. Randy Shaw says:

    My preference being a party of three a little bigger canoe and single Portage however if there’s just two of us I’d rather make a second trip than be sore and beat at the end of the day.
    Hoping to see you all next year.

  2. Jon Weber says:

    For me, it’s trip/situation dependent. I do side with you, as I also like to smell the wild roses whenever possible.

  3. Bruce Tucker says:

    I fall on the side of double portages.
    Add extra days, to reach your destination, and carry a couple comfort items; that wouldn’t be along on a single portage trip.
    I own an 18.5 foot Wenonah Oddysee, that weighs 78 lbs. You don’t single portage with that canoe! And, yes, now; I leave it home, and rent a Kevlar MNII. ???

  4. Robert Plewa says:

    I like to move through portages at a clip. Lighter packs allow you to do that. I do a leap-frog style of portaging where I carry a pack 1/3 of the way, rest on the walk back, pick up the canoe and go 1/2 way, return to retrieve the pack for another 1/3 of the port, rest as I retrieve the canoe for the second 1/2, and then rest on the way back to get the pack for the last 1/3 of the port. This system breaks up the heavy lifting with short rests in between to enjoy that “walk in the woods” that all portages should be. Don’t for get a camera to film the really special sights along the port!

  5. Bruce S says:

    I totally agree with you Ada, thank you for the story. On one of my first trips about 30 years ago we single portaged and almost killed ourselves. For me single portaging is just not worth it. I trip with family and friends and we can enjoy this country so much better if we do not kill ourselves on the portages. It is much safer too if your load is lighter and in the wilderness safety is huge. One misstep or fall could possibly lead to a serious emergency. We never dread the portages but welcome them as a nice break from paddling and enjoy the wonderful canoe country.

    • Bruce Tucker says:

      Well said!

      • Jeff Vilen says:

        When I was younger I loved to single portage, but now in my mid sixties I need to pace myself. Just completed a ten day trip from north to south across Quetico. Double portaging was just right. You can still do it as you get older if you take a little more time. My 48th year in a row without missing a trip!

        • Bruce Tucker says:

          First of all; I’m envious of 48 trips!
          I’m 65, and every football game haunts my 65 year old knees, but I still love carrying a pack, or a canoe. (Notice, I said, “or a canoe”… ?)
          We did the Man Chain, and the Falls Chain, when my 3 daughters were little tykes, and the food pack for 5 people was the daunting task – happily undertaken.
          My daughters often remark, that we never took them to theme parks; just Provincial Park.

  6. Paul Doubleday says:

    When I was in my twenties is was all go go go. Single portage was the rule and I would scoff at the loads I saw some people carry. Now that I am in my fifties I have progressed into the base camp mode. I now double portage. Extra luxuries like great food, inflatable mattresses and a pillow have been added. I like the second trip across. Lets you look around and enjoy the other part of canoe country. The latest item that I have added to my gear is a folding chair. Like the one you would use on the sideline to watch a kids sporting event. I first only sat on the ground or the logs at the campsite. Then a added a crazy creek chair. Now am fully into my folding chair and wonder why I suffered for all of those years. I cook in it, relax in it, I am off the wet ground. It offers a great place to keep things out of the mud when taking down camp and everything is not in the packs yet. I can’t recommend them enough. $10 at Wal-mart. Buy the smallest adult size one. Sets up on seconds after be pulled from the bag. Just a few pounds. You will thank me! Make sure everyone has one or there will be fights.